Question regarding article

Date: 10/5/99
Time: 5:22:19 PM
Remote Name:


I am a graduate student at Minnesota State University-Mankato in the Speech, Hearing, and Rehabilitation Department. I
found your article very interesting. You described your 60 listeners as 13 males, 47 females, between the age of 19 and
52, ten, of which, had limited exposure or experience with persons who stutter. I would be interested i knowing a little
more about other factors regarding thee individuals (i.e. socio-economic background, education levels, occupations) and
whether you felt these factors had any significant connections to their responses. Thank you for your reply. Laurie Ling;
MSU-Mankato (USA)

Re: Question regarding article

From: Michael Susca
Date: 10/6/99
Time: 10:02:34 AM
Remote Name:


Hello Laurie: Just for clarification, ALL participants (not just ten) had limited exposure or experience with persns who
stutter. A total of ten people listened to each sample, each person hearing a sample only once. Regarding socio-economic
backgrounds, education levels, and occupations: We did not specifically ask for that kind of background information. We
were most concerned with previous experiences with people who stutter: did they personally know anyone who stuttered,
had they observed anyone who stuttered (in a school, social, film, or clinic situation), or other things that might bias their
listening to the sample. But we did NOT ask about stuttering specifically: we asked about their experiences with
communication disorders in general and let their responses guide the next questions to rule out experiences with stuttering
specifically. If any statement was volunteered indicating more than just having heard the term stuttering, that was
sufficient for exclusion from the study. People came from a nearby neighborhood, volunteers from non-speech related
classes I was taking, office workers, friends of the people who came in, and some undergrads from a special ed class. I
can't be more specific about socio-economic, educational, or occupational factors (we didn't ask for these) but I don't
think these had any significant connections to their responses. I hope that answers your question. Thanks for asking!
Michael Susca 

Not just speech mechanics

From: Ed Feuer
Date: 10/6/99
Time: 1:07:37 PM
Remote Name:


You say: "From a clinical perspective, it may be helpful for clinicians to have a group of listeners evaluate and comment
on samples of speech obtained from the adult or child who stutters. These responses could be used to determine the
perceived quality and competence of the client's speech at various stages of treatment." 

Yes, that's good. Like focus groups for a politician seeking to alter image. But given the reality of stuttering, you can't
limit change to speech mechanics. The person who stutter needs education in developing interpersonal skills and
improving other factors that affect appearance. Such things are beyond the competancy of the garden variety SLP
clinician.  Ed Feuer 

Re: Not just speech mechanics

From: Michael Susca
Date: 10/6/99
Time: 3:21:49 PM
Remote Name:


Yes, I agree "you can't limit change to speech mechanics" and I believe the differences in listener's perceptions in both
figures support that notion. 

Michael Susca


From: Mike Hughes, Ex. Dir., Speak Easy Inc.
Date: 10/10/99
Time: 7:27:33 AM
Remote Name:


Your article was very interesting and well presented. The charts were illuminating! The results confirm what stutterers
have always known -- that they can see, feel, taste, their listener's discomfort. This, of course, increases the pressure on
the stutterer, resulting in even greater disfluency. 

I'm sure that our members would find your paper interesting. I'd like permission to reprint it in an upcoming issue of
"Speaking Out," our monthly magazine. Please either post your reply or email us at