Material in this document was contributed by Peter Ramig, Pamela 
Stewart, Patricia Ogrodnick-Walton, and Ellen Bennet.  Originally 
presented as a mini-session at the ASHA convention, Boston, MA, 
1988, it was revised and expanded 2/94 and reformatted for inclusion
in this website by Judy Kuster, with permission.


Basic Principles Underlying Therapy

COMPONENT 1. Establishment of fluency through increasingly long 
and complex linguistic stimuli

COMPONENT 2. Regulating and controlling breathstream

COMPONENT 3. Establishment of light articulatory contacts

COMPONENT 4. Controlling speaking rate

COMPONENT 5. Facilitation of oral-motor planning and 

COMPONENT 6. Desensitization therapy

COMPONENT 7. Modification of the stuttering moment

COMPONENT 8. Reduction of (word) avoidance behaviors

COMPONENT 9. Facilitation of development of self-awareness and 
self-monitoring skills, as they relate to fluency

COMPONENT 10 Facilitation of a positive attitude toward communication, 
and toward himself as a communicator

COMPONENT 11.Transfer and maintenance of fluency

COMPONENT 12  Parental involvement