From Barry Guitar - posted to SID4 mailing list, March 2, 2004 and copied below with permission.
BASIC EXPERIENCES FOR INTERMEDIATE STUTTERERS
(from Van Riper)
These are the crucial experiences which your therapy should provide for
the person who stutters. Again and again you must seek to facilitate these
basic experiences. These should be the goals which structure your therapy.
- The therapist is competent and can be trusted.
- The stutterer is responsible for his own behavior - including his
- Stuttering can be deliberately endured, touched, and maintained and
- Avoidance increases fear and therefore stuttering, and it must be reduced.
- Struggling, hurried escape reactions and recoil make the stuttering
worse than it needs to be, and tends to make it persist.
- Attempts to utter the feared words should be as normal as possible.
- It is possible to release oneself voluntarily from tremors, fixations,
- When a moment of stuttering occurs, it should be studied, and its evil
effects should be erased as much as possible.
- Monitoring of normal speech reduces stuttering.
- Self-suggestion of incoming stuttering can be resisted and the word
can be spoken normally.
- It is possible to build barriers to destructive listener reactions.
- Ambivalence, anxiety, guilt, and hostility are to be decreased as much
- Every effort should be made to build up one's ego strength,
self-confidence, and self-respect.
- Society in general rewards the person who obviously confronts and
works with his stuttering.
- It is more rewarding to speak normally than to stutter.
added March 2, 2004