Therapy for Stuttering


Therapy for Stuttering

Finding a Therapy Program

Finding an appropriate therapy program and speech therapist isn't always easy. This section is being developed to assist in that process.

Therapy Programs/Approaches

There are many different approaches to therapy for persons who stutter.
How to get the most out of therapy provides information from the National Stuttering Project, and includes a section by Hugo Gregory and Eugene Cooper, two internationally respected speech-language pathologists, on choosing a clinician. Other helpful suggestions are provided in How To Choose A Therapy/Therapist by Gerald F. Johnson

  • General information
    Included in this section are tutorials and information about a variety of widely-accepted approaches to stuttering therapy and is in no way an endorsement of any particular treatment strategy. The programs in this section are run by trained and certified speech-language pathologists. The following may be of value for some people, and are sometimes used in conjunction with various therapy approaches such as those described above.

  • Telemedicine and stuttering therapy

  • Electronic Devices and Stuttering Treatment - developed by Judy Kuster
  • Electronic devices - a variety of electronic technology is used to enhance fluency and included in some treatment programs for stuttering.
  • Medical / Drug treatments for stuttering
  • Relaxation and Suggestion Techniques
  • Counseling or Psychotherapy
  • Other resources that may be of interest for some people who stutter.

    There are also other programs, typically intensive in nature, for persons who stutter, which are conducted by individuals who are not currently certified by the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association for various reasons, or, in several cases, are located outside the United States and may or may not be certified by their country's professional certification board. Some of them are established by persons who stutter who have designed programs out of their own experience. Since they have established an internet presence, they are linked below. Read all materials carefully. If a program tends to blame the person who stutters if the treatment isn't "successful," this is a "red flag." Any website or program that suggests someone has found "the cure" for stuttering, guarentees a 100 percent cure, or attempts to treat stuttering solely by correspondence would not be considered within ethical practice standards of the American Speech-Language and Hearing Association. To find more about the experience people who stutter have had with these as well as other therapy programs listed above, it is suggested to sign on to the discussion forums about stuttering and ask. You can also search the archives to find past discussions regarding various therapy programs. Information on experience with some of these programs is also available here

    Additional Suggestions On Managing Stuttering Behaviors

    Additional Information on Stammering Therapy for Adults - from the BSA website.

    Most of the following suggestions and websites have been developed by individuals who stutter. In those cases, they feel their ideas have worked for them and are shared below. The SHP makes no guarentees or endorsements, it simply provides information that others may find useful. The reader is warned that an idea may work for one individual and not for another.

    Information on Efficacy of Stuttering Treatment

    Does stuttering therapy work? There has been some research about that question. There has also been some personal experience with various therapy approaches. Both kinds of information are provided here for the interested reader to explore.

    Some research about efficacy

    Experience with Various Therapy Approaches: Some "true believers" and some "non-believers" express their opinions

    Qualifying and Paying for Therapy Services

    This section is designed to provide some direction in helping consumers and professionals find information for both qualifying and funding services. If you have additional materials that would be helpful, please contact
    Judy Kuster

  • The IEP Process
  • Eligibility Criteria
  • Insurance for Stuttering Therapy

    Therapy Programs and Materials

    The following is designed to provide materials, readings, and approaches to assessment and therapy for speech-language pathologists who work with people who stutter. It is not to be considered a "recipe book" to stuttering therapy, but contains resources with may be adaptable to specific clients. If others have materials they would like to share, please contact Judy Kuster

    Guest Editorial: To our Clinicians by Charles Van Riper.

    Therapy for Pre-School Children

  • When It Comes to Assessment, Parents Know Best, by Janice Westbrook, Ph.D. Staff newsletter, February, 1995.
  • From Gerald Johnson

    Therapy for School-Age Children

  • Funny Bunny's Better Ideas, ( a 4-page "story" with many suggestions for children who stutter. This story first appeared in STAFF, March 1992 (a newsletter from Aaron's Associates). It is reprinted here for non-commercial use only with the permission of the editor, Janice Westbrook. You must have Adobe's Free Acrobat Reader. You can download it at
  • You Are In Control, ( a game for children who stutter, their families, and friends. This activity first appeared in STAFF, February 1992 (a newsletter from Aaron's Associates). It is reprinted here for non-commercial use only with the permission of the editor, Janice Westbrook. You must have Adobe's Free Acrobat Reader. You can download it at You will have to do some cutting and pasting to make the game board.
  • Our First Talk About Talking is a six page booklet, with pictures children can color. It was published in the Staff Newsletter of Aaron's Associates in 1993. Aaron's Associates was a non- profit organization devoted to the support of children who stutter. Nine issues of Staff were published during the school year, Sept.-May. Staff was not copyrighted. Our First Talk About Talking is placed online with the permission of the editor of Staff, Janice Westbrook. (In PDF format, which can be downloaded using the free Adobe Reader, located at )
  • Making My Own Way: Empowering Children Who Stutter - by Jackie Biagini and Judy Butler is a workbook "designed to foster trust, self-confidence, and interpersonal communication skills with set goals and a plan to achieve them." Although the book is copyrighted, Butler and Biagini have made their 57 page book freely available on the internet where single copies may be reproduced for work with individual children. You must have Adobe's Free Acrobat Reader to access the book. You can download it at
  • Therapy for Children Who Stutter by Gerald Johnson
  • Danger Sign Posters - for discussion in therapy
  • Enhancements To Integrated Approaches For Treating Stuttering by E. Charles Healey, Janet Norris, Lisa Scott Trautman, Kansas, and Michael Susca, Nebraska, USA. A paper presented for the International Stuttering Awareness Day conference, October 1998.
  • A Way Through the Forest: One Boy's Story With a Happy Ending by David Shapiro - what Dr. Shapiro wishes he could tell his speech therapist from 25 years ago.
  • Peter Ramig, Pamela Stewart, Patricia Ogrodnick-Walton, and Ellen Bennet's Treating the School Age Stutterer. This material was originally presented as a mini-session at the ASHA convention, Boston, MA, 1988. It was revised and expanded 2/94.
  • Bill Murphy, "Empowering Children Who Stutter: Reducing Shame, Guilt and Anxiety. This material was originally presented as a session at the ASHA convention, Seattle, WA, 1996.
  • A message to Speech-Language Pathologists working in the Schools from John Ahlbach (about juggling!)
  • Rosa Giannoni has developed a lesson plan to actively involve students in the learning definitions of stuttering
  • Information about dealing with teasing
  • Connie Dugan's book review and application to a client of The Meanest Thing to Say by Bill Cosby.
  • John Ahlbach, a high school teacher who stutters, has written a Stuttering Presentation Guide to help young people who stutter with ideas for class presentations.
  • Michelle and Judy's Therapy Picture Project - Helping Children Who Stutter Become Their Own Advocates
  • Several links for working with word retrieval difficulties that may be suitable for children whose disfluencies reflect word-finding problems.
  • NJ Youth Day: Celebrating Me/Taming The Speech Monster by Lucy Reed.
  • Resources on Stuttering Available for School-Based Clinicians By Alice M. Forsythe, MA, CCC-SLP/A, from ADVANCE for Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists.
  • What Do You Know About Stuttering? A Parent's and Teacher's Guide to Fluency - Super Duper Handy Handout Number 51, in PDF format.
  • Encouraging Spontaneous Speech from a Dysfluent Child - Super Duper Handy Handout Number 48, in PDF format. More Friends for Jackson a children's story/coloring book written for the National Stuttering Association by Nina A. Reardon, MS CCC-SLP and illustrated by Brit W. Kohls can be downloaded as a PDF file. Angel Loves to Talk, by Nina Reardon, illustrated by Brit W. Kohls. A story/coloring book in PDF file.

    Therapy for Adolescents

  • A brochure by the Stuttering Foundation of America Turning Teens on to Therapy by William H. Perkins, reprinted from Do You Stutter: A Guide For Teens.
  • Teenagers and Stuttering Therapy by Bill Murphy and J. Scott Yaruss, from the September/October 1996 NSP Newsletter LettingGO
  • Materials that can be adapted for therapy - provided by Gerald Johnson

    Therapy for Adolesents and Adults

    Several treatment-related papers presented for the International Stuttering Awareness Day conference, October 1998.
  • The Canadian Association for People Who Stutter has placed the following significant therapy-related materials online
  • Additional Materials from Gerald F. Johnson
  • A paper presented by Robert Quesal on Dean Williams' Forward Moving Speech an approach to therapy.
  • To The Stutterer Some Suggestions For Adult Stutterers Who Want To Talk Easily by Dean E. Williams, reprinted with permission from the Stuttering Foundation of America
  • Study Guide for Charles Van Riper's The Treatment of Stuttering by Darrell Dodge
  • Normalization of Speech Patterns in People Who Stutter: a treatment process by Michael Susca, MS, CCC/SLP
  • Voluntary Stuttering - When, How, and For What Purpose by Andreas Starke, a paper written for the International Stuttering Awareness Day Online Conference, Oct. 1-22, 1999
  • Activities for Individual Therapy - from Gary Rentschler
  • Cat Got Your Tongue? , an Internet WebQuest on Children Who Stutter created by Savita Bissoondatt, Charles W. Flannigan High School with projects to help individual or groups of high school students learn about stuttering.

    Therapy for Individuals with Special Needs

    Group Activities and Workshop ideas Suggested by the National Stuttering Association and others

  • Organizing Your Workshop a practical guide to organizing a local or regional workshop for Children Who Stutter, compiled by Michael Sugarman.
  • Speaking Freely a new activity for NSP Chapters, by John Harrison.
  • Over 100 Things To Do At An NSP Support Meeting, from the NSP Chapter Leader's Handbook
  • A Conversation With My Stutter by Kevin Eldridge.
  • From the British Stammering Association, an article, Facing the Authorities by Stuart Ford, Ron Kennedy and Carl Robison about a workshop who aim was for participants to practice "newly acquired communication skills by 'acting out' stressful situations with the authority figures who were not actors but volunteers from real life."
  • Group Activities - from Gary Rentschler
  • NSA Chapter Meeting Activity designed by Angus Croll from the San Francisco chapter.

    Return to Index last modified November 23, 2003
    web weaver Judy Kuster