Using the Internet to Teach and Review Anatomy and Physiology
By Judith Maginnis Kuster
Workshops or conference sessions to review and update knowledge of anatomy and physiology are hard to find. We are pretty much on our own to keep up to date in this area. Professors and students, as well as clinicians explaining anatomy to their clients have some of the information at their fingertips if they have saved their college texts.
But today, another important resource is at our fingertips. The Internet provides excellent information on anatomy and physiology related to speech-language pathology and audiology. Below are several examples. Search engines will uncover many more.
W.R. Zemlin Memorial Website (http://zemlin.shs.uiuc.edu) -- Most speech-language pathologists, audiologists and speech scientists will recognize the name, Willard Zemlin, author of the classic text Speech and Hearing Science, Anatomy and Physiology. Although the field lost a visionary leader in 1998, the department of speech and hearing science at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign has preserved some of his contribution by developing this site featuring slides of anatomical specimens of the larynx, skull, and nervous and respiratory systems.
A Dissection Manual for Students of Speech by the UCLA Phonetics Lab -- edited by Melissa Epstein, Narineh Hacopian and Peter Ladefoged, with illustrations by Siri Tuttle (www.humnet.ucla.edu/humnet/linguistics/people/ladefoge/anatomy/dissection.html) -- is a PDF online book featuring chapters on respiration, lips, jaw and related structures, neck, brain and cranial nerves, pharynx, tongue, larynx, and velum.
Amy Meredith from the University of Minnesota, Duluth, has developed a freely available, extensive Web page to accompany her course, Anatomy of the Speech and Hearing Mechanism. The site includes lecture notes, powerpoint slides and pictures.
Brainpop, (www.brainpop.com/health) has educational animated movies for K-12 featuring many short health-related movies, including brain, hearing, respiration, and voice as well as activity pages (www.brainpop.com/health/seeall.weml)
How Do People Talk by E. Charles Healey explains respiration, phonation, and articulation in easy-to-understand language. (www.unl.edu/fluency/howtalk.html).
Central Nervous System
Harvard Medical School's Whole Brain Atlas (www.med.harvard.edu/AANLIB/home.html) by Keith A. Johnson and J. Alex Becker is a collection of MR brain images and mpeg movies of the brain. It includes options of having the images labeled and a self-quiz on the anatomical structures. Featuring more than 100 different brain structures, this site is a good place to review normal neuroanatomy and function.
Neuroanatomy/Pathology on the Internet (www.neuropat.dote.hu) compiled by Katalin Heged¨s from the department of neurology, University of Debrecen, Hungary, is a Webliography providing links to many of the best neuroanatomy and neuropathology resources on the Internet.
The University of Michigan Medical School's Neuroanatomy Medical Gross Anatomy Atlas Images provides labeled slides (www.med.umich.edu/lrc/coursepages/M1/anatomy/html/atlas/atlas_index.html).
Neuroscience for Kids (http://faculty.washington.edu/chudler/neurok.html) is maintained by Eric H. Chudler from the University of Washington in Seattle and is designed for all students and teachers who would like to learn about the nervous system.
Discover the Larynx, class notes by F. Chagnon, G. Papagiannis, A. Mlynarck and R. Massic contains excellent graphics
Emory University's Human Anatomy Course -- Pharynx and Larynx contains clearly presented information with line drawings of the structures of the throat.
Anatomy and Embryology of the Phonatory System by Kim M. Corbin-Lewis (www.otoweb.org/clinics_folder/voice_clinic_folder/courses/kim/index.htm) was part of an online course, Voice Disorders Assessment and Treatment.
The Fantastic Voyage from the National Center for Voice and Speech is a series of 13 short video segments of the throat, produced with the aid of a videostroboscope. Designed to help understand the vocal mechanism, it can be viewed with Real Player or Windows Media Player. (www.ncvs.org/ncvs/tutorials/youngexp/fantasticvoyage.html)
Virtual Tour of the Ear by Perry Hannavan from Augustana (www.augie.edu/perry/ear/hearmech.htm) provides information about ears and hearing, access to Web sites and a PowerPoint presentation linking to numerous resources (faculty.augie.edu/~pchanavan/audiology/Chapter3.ppt)
Hearing and Balance, an online course from the Department of Neurophysiology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison contains a section on the anatomy of the ear with animations and an anatomy quiz.
Travel inside the ear is a QuickTime movie from the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders that can help children understand how the hearing mechanism works.
Judith Kuster is in the department of speech, hearing, and rehabilitation services at Minnesota State University, Mankato. Contact her by email at firstname.lastname@example.org. All of Kusters Internet columns are on the ASHA Web site in HTML format with active links http://professional.asha.org/news/news.cfm, although URLs change and there is no guarantee that links from previous articles are still functional.
Kuster, JM, Using the Internet to Teach and Review Anatomy and Physiology, ASHA Leader, February 3, 2004, p. 12