Focus on Speech Sound Disorders

By Judith Maginnis Kuster

Years ago when I was assigned my first "artic" case, I spent hours cutting pictures of /s/ words from magazines and My Little Golden Book Dictionary (now available in GoAntiques for $15!) and drawing crude pictures of sailboats, sun, soap, seven, and such. Now there are many commercial products focusing on speech-sound disorders, but the Internet also has wonderful free resources.

Clinical Resources

  • The richest site for speech-sound disorders is Caroline Bowen's "SLP Start Page" ( You can spend hours exploring, reading, downloading, and copying materials. Her "Freebies" page ( includes these treasures:
  • Bowen also hosts a 6,200-member Yahoo forum, Phonological Therapy (PHONO-TX), for professional discussion of speech development and the assessment and management of speech-sound disorders. This resource includes valuable materials in the connected "files" and "links." To join, access Because the forum exceeded space limits, Bowen created Speechfiles, an extensive collection of handouts, worksheets, and articles. To access, join

  • Peter Flipsen ( provides valuable materials including a decision tree to separate articulation problems from phonological problems; a speech perception test; and listening lists for auditory bombardment.


  • Special Education Technology of British Columbia ( provides 25 pages of pictures of frequently misarticulated sounds (PDF or Boardmaker format).
  • Bossy R ( has nearly 100 pages (in PDF files) of r-family sets (ar, ir, ore, ur).
  • Jennifer Mitchell's ClipArtic ( has flash cards and quickpics minibooks for final deletions and all word positions of commonly misarticulated speech sounds, as well as articulation activities.
  • Search SpeechTeach for activities (www.
  • Frieda Van Staden provides word lists and articulation games for l, r, s, and sh-ch-j (

    Interactive Treasures

    Some of these sites have appeared in previous columns, but they deserve mention in a column on articulation:

    Treatment Activity Ideas

  • The Targets and Activities Project (TAP) allows clinicians to post activity sheets for use by clinicians or speech-language pathology assistants under the direction of certified SLPs. Several focus on phonology and articulation (
  • "Books, Stories, and Games That Reinforce Speech Sound Targets" (
  • This Works for Me from has a bulletin board where clinicians post questions and ideas for articulation therapy (

    Creating Materials

  • The Story-Making Machine targets l, r, s, sh, ch, or th with stories that are ready-made or created by you or your client (
  • The Word List Generator includes an option for creating a printer-friendly version for 3"x5" index cards (
  • Enter target words to create word flashcards on Senteacher (
  • Sound Sorting Pictures provides sets of pictures of speech sounds to copy and paste into clinician-created activities (
  • Copy game boards from Cherry Carl's "Board Games Grove" to use with flash cards created from the above materials (

    School is open and intervention caseloads have been selected clinicians may be too busy to create materials. Consider enlisting an aide, a parent, or a service-learning high school student to supplement your intervention materials with something new and free!

    Judith Maginnis Kuster, MS, CCC-SLP, is a professor emeritus in the Department of Speech, Hearing, and Rehabilitation Services at Minnesota State University, Mankato. Contact her at An archive of all of Kuster's columns can be found at URLs change, however, and there is no guarantee that links from previous columns are still functional.

    Kuster, JM, Focus on Speech Sound Disorders , The ASHA Leader, 2010.