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From: Tatyana Exum
Date: 17 Apr 2010
Time: 11:12:55 -0500
Remote Name: 220.127.116.11
Thank you Klaas for your post and an invitation to share. It would be my guess of the bilingual PWC and a teacher that the larger levels of the referrals for cluttering diagnostics would be observed in those countries where the oral form of the examination is predominant. The evident observable measurable periods of cluttering in the academic setting in combination with the mismatching actual levels of academic performance may prompt factually based referral for the diagnostics. As a result, the PWC may get a notion of the severity of the problem on much earlier stages. In other countries, where the multiple choice tests without the oral component are the foundation of 6-12 education and fluency is mostly a required measured reading skill, cluttering in an oral expressive form may stay unidentified and be diagnosed on a post-secondary level at which the PWC runs into the _graded_ speech component. Written expression difficulties, if they coexist with speech deficiencies, might trigger the erroneous referral for SLD testing, which might not include the cluttering aspect.