Definitions of Stuttering
Shapiro: "Stuttering refers to individualized and involuntary interruptions in the forward flow of speech and learned reactions thereto interacting with and generating associated thoughts and feelings about one's speech, oneself as a communicator, and the communicative world in which we live."
Hood: "Stuttering is a communication disorder characterized by excessive involuntary disruptions in the smooth and rhythmic flow of speech, particularly when such disruptions consist of repetitions or prolongations of a sound or syllable, and when they are accompanied by emotions such as fear and anxiety, and behaviors such as avoidance and struggle."
Cooper and Cooper: Stuttering is a clinical syndrome characterized by abnormal and persistent disfluencies in speech, accompanied by affective, behavioral and cognitive patterns. (the A, B, C's of stuttering)
Quesal: Stuttering is a disorder of fluency characterized by various behaviors that interfere with the forward flow of speech. While all individuals are disfluent to some extent, on the surface what differentiates stutterers from nonstutterers is the frequency of their disfluency and/or the severity of their disfluency. However, the other factor that differentiates stutterers from nonstutterers is that almost invariably the disfluencies that the stutterer regards as ³stutters² are accompanied by a feeling of loss of control. It is this loss of control, which canıt be observed or experienced by the listener, that is most problematic for the stutterer. (from
What is stuttering: a quick definition by Bob Quesal.
added August 15, 2006