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Minnesota State University, Mankato
Minnesota State University, Mankato

GPA Information

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A student's GPA (grade point average) is a number that represents the average grade per credit for classes taken in a given period of time (usually a term or an entire university career).

Classes that are included or count toward GPA calculations are those having grades of A, B, C, D, (including +'s and -'s) or F. Classes with grades of P, NC, I, IP, or W have no affect upon a student's GPA. Normally, people speak of a GPA for a term or as a cumulative total covering all of the terms up through a particular point in time.

Minnesota State University, Mankato keeps track of three cumulative GPA's for each student:

Local GPA (strictly Minnesota State University, Mankato courses)
Transfer GPA (strictly transfer courses)
Career GPA (includes both Minnesota State University, Mankato and transfer courses)

The GPA for a term can be seen on a transcript at the bottom of each term.  The three cumulative GPA's can be seen on a transcript in the summary information at the end.

GPA's cannot be given out over the telephone or via email.

How the GPA is Calculated

Every term on a student's record is filled with courses that have some type of grade attached to them. In calculating the GPA, only courses with letter grades of A, B, C, D, (including +'s and -'s) and F are used.

Every course carries with it a certain number of "quality points". Quality points are found by multiplying a course's credits by its grade.

To allow us to do the multiplication, we convert letter grades into numbers as follows:

Grades and Quality Points
Grade Quality Points Grade Quality Points Grade Quality Points
A+ 4.00 A 4.00 A- 3.67
B+ 3.33 B 3.00 B- 2.67
C+ 2.33 C 2.00 C- 1.67
D+ 1.33 D 1.00 D- 0.67
F 0.00

Thus, a 4-credit class with a B is worth 4 credits x 3 quality points/credit = 12 quality points.

To obtain the GPA for a term, add up the quality points for the courses that term and divide by the total number of credits of those courses. The result will be a number between 0 and 4 which is usually carried out to two decimal places.

The cumulative GPA is found in the same way, using all of the courses that have been taken. Transcripts have the GPA already calculated on printed on them, saving students the trouble of doing the arithmetic.

There are basically only two ways to increase your GPA (besides taking more and more classes and getting better grades in them)

  • Repeating Courses
    • Taking a class in which you obtained a poor grade over again, subject to the University repeat policy, will allow you to have the earlier grade(s) taken out of your GPA calculations and the last grade used instead.
  • Academic Forgiveness
    • Academic Forgiveness for undergraduate students is a one-time opportunity to remove prior grades in order to establish a new Grade Point Average (GPA). For more information, go to

However, in neither of the above cases are any courses removed from a student's record. All Minnesota State University, Mankato courses taken are still shown on a transcript along with the original grades obtained.

Questions concerning GPA's should be directed to

Records and Grades

room:  WA 132; phone:  389-2577