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Minnesota State University, Mankato
Minnesota State University, Mankato

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About Title IX

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"No person in the U.S. shall, on the basis of sex be excluded from participation in, or denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any educational program or activity receiving federal aid."

Title 20 U.S.C. Sections 1681-1688

What does that mean?

Title IX forbids sex discrimination in all university student services and academic programs including, but not limited to, admissions, financial aid, academic advising, housing, athletics, recreational services, college residential life programs, health services, counseling and psychological services, Registrar's office, classroom assignments, grading and discipline. Title IX also forbids discrimination because of sex in employment and recruitment consideration or selection, whether full time or part time, under any education program or activity operated by an institution receiving or benefiting from federal financial assistance.

Under Title IX, discrimination on the basis of sex can include sexual harassment or sexual violence, such as rape, sexual assault, sexual battery, and sexual coercion.

Who is the Title IX Coordinator for Minnesota State Mankato?

Linda Alvarez
Director of Equal Opportunity & Title IX
014 Morris Hall


Myth: Title IX requires that male athletic opportunities be decreased to provide opportunities for female programs.

Title IX is designed to create parity in athletics, as well as other educational opportunities and experiences for men and women. Title IX does not require schools to cut men’s athletic programs. Each school determines how it will comply with Title IX regulations.

Myth: Title IX applies only to discrimination against women.

While Title IX has been used mostly by women seeking to protect their rights, Title IX also serves to protect the rights of men. Title IX requires that males and females receive fair and equal treatment in all areas of education.

Myth: According to Title IX, all educational activities and programs must be co-ed and open to both men and women.

Title IX specifically allows for, or has been interpreted to allow for, single-sex programs in a number of categories. Included among those are: religious schools, traditional men’s/women’s colleges, social fraternities/sororities, youth service organizations such as, The Boy/Girl Scouts of America, and beauty pageants.

Myth: Gender bias in science, medicine, and engineering is not prohibited by Title IX.

The under-representation of women in science, medicine, and engineering may violate Title IX. Educational institutions are required to provide women in these disciplines resources, support, and promotional opportunities comparable to their male colleagues.


The penalty for failure to comply with Title IX in the most extreme circumstances can include the termination of all or part of an institution’s federal funding. This includes grants, subsidies, and other program funds from the federal government. In addition to the loss of federal funds, universities may be sued by those seeking redress for violations of Title IX. It is essential that institutions receiving federal financial assistances operate in a nondiscriminatory manner. To ensure the University’s compliance with the law, adherence to Title IX regulations is everyone’s responsibility.


The United States Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights (OCR) is in charge of enforcing Title IX. Information regarding OCR can be found at

Federal Guidance

"Dear Colleague" Letters from the U.S. Department of Education

[PDF] Dear Colleague Letter dated April 4, 2011

[PDF] April 4, 2011 Dear Colleague Letter Fast Facts and Summary 


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[PDF] Know Your Rights: Title IX Requires Your School to Address Sexual Violence

White House Guidance- Sexual Violence

Not Alone- The First Report of the White House Task Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assault, April 2014 (broken link)

Fact Sheet: Not Alone – Protecting Students from Sexual Assault, April 29, 2014

Training Received for Title IX Coordinators and Investigators

[PDF] Title IX Training 8.27.2020 (292 KiB)

[PDF] NASPA Title IX Informal Resolution Training Materials (1 MiB)

Violence Risk Assessment for Title IX